Many people believe that blocked arteries are a problem only for the elderly and for overweight people, but it turns out that this phenomenon is common, and according to a study conducted in Finland , many 20-year-olds in the western world already suffer from this condition. Because this is the case, the general recommendation is to go to a doctor and be examined as soon as possible, especially if you experience one or more of the 7 symptoms listed in this article. Another thing you should know is that abnormal blood flow can also be a side effect of other serious health problems that must be observed, since proper diagnosis and treatment can prevent a disaster.
1. Pain in the calf, hip and thighs
Peripheral arterial disease is a common circulatory blood problem in which the limited arteries cause reduced blood flow to the extremities and are a major cause of leg pain, especially when walking. This condition can cause reduced blood flow to the brain and heart and, of course, to the area of the legs, hips and calf muscles. Another cause of these pains may be fatty deposits in the arteries (atherosclerosis) or blockage of the arteries due to lipids. In most cases, the area of pain indicates where the clot or block is located, which helps identify the root of the problem, but there are also other ways to identify it and its sources, such as numbness or weakness in the legs, discoloration of the skin, shiny skin,
2. Chest pain
Chest pain or angina pectoris is the result of reduced blood flow to the heart. Severe chest pain, numbness in the left hand, heaviness, tightness in the chest or burning during physical or emotional exertion can be seen as a sign that an arterial obstruction that requires examination is actually undergoing, monitoring and treatment, as it can be. A precursor to a heart attack. There are other identifying signs that require more thorough investigation, including chest contractions that radiate to the back, neck, jaw, shoulders and arms, and especially the left arm. These pains may be accompanied by difficulty breathing, dizziness and nausea, and increase after exercise.
3. Temporary loss of vision in one eye
There are two main arteries that carry blood and oxygen to the brain, one on the right side and one on the left side of the neck, and are responsible for administering these vital substances to both sides of the brain, respectively. When there is little blood flow or blockage in one of these arteries, insufficient oxygen reaches the eyes and the brain, and as a result, its function can be damaged. In the case of reduced blood flow through one of these arteries, temporary loss of vision in the eye may occur on the same side where the blockage exists, creating a screen over the eye and hiding vision, usually only by a minute or two The obstruction of both arteries can cause a stroke and even a total loss of vision. To prevent this phenomenon, 4. Low back pain
Back problems are the second cause of disability and even the loss of work capacity in various parts of the world, with 10% of people under 20 in developed countries who already have a progressive obstruction of the aorta, causing blockage problems in the arteries From the waist that leads to various back problems. If you experience lower back pain, you should know that you should not ignore them, as they often indicate a low blood flow that can cause a herniated disc that causes pain and muscle contraction.
5. Shortness of breath
Difficulty breathing occurs when the coronary arteries are damaged or blocked, and people experience it when their heart cannot pump enough blood to meet their body’s needs. The function of the coronary arteries is to supply blood to the heart, its muscles, its electrical conduction system and its other components. Researchers at the Cedar-Sinai Medical Center in California discovered that when a person experiences difficulty breathing without chest pain, it can be a sign of a high-risk heart disease that requires medical attention. Therefore, if you experience difficulty breathing and not only after straining, you should be careful about what is causing it, making sure to verify that it is not something that can get worse.
6. Feet or cold hands
The phenomenon of cold hands or feet throughout the year, or especially cold hands during winter, indicates a lack of blood, but not necessarily due to vitamin B12 deficiency in the body, rather as a result of an obstruction partial or narrowing of the peripheral arteries that carry blood to the extremities. If you suffer from this condition, you should pay attention and check if you experience any other symptoms that indicate lack of blood, such as weakening of the pulse in the legs, prolonged healing time in the case of an ulcer or a cut. in the extremities, pain in the legs at rest or when walking, hair loss in the legs and feet and, of course, a change in the color of the skin.
7. Fatigue and dizziness
Many attribute dizziness and fatigue to lack of sleep or sleep disorders of some kind, which turns out to be true in most cases. However, according to a study conducted at Harvard University , there are few cases in which fatigue may indicate disorders of blood flow to various organs, especially the heart and brain, and is a sign of the possibility of arterial disease. The inability of the body to transfer blood correctly reduces the amount of oxygen that flows throughout the body causing poor functioning. It should be noted that, according to various experts, a constant feeling of tiredness and frequent dizziness that indicate an arterial obstruction is more common among women.
What increases the risk of artery blockage?
One of the most common causes of clogged arteries is atherosclerosis; The pathogenesis of this disease is not known for sure, but it is clear that it is a complex disease that can begin from childhood and develop rapidly as age progresses. Atherosclerosis can occur when certain factors damage the inner layers of the arteries, such as smoking, having a high level of blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, a high level of blood sugar or diabetes. To reduce the risk of side effects of poor blood circulation, you should exercise daily, lose weight, maintain a healthy and low-fat diet, quit smoking and have an exam at least once a year.